This essay focuses on the human rights of immigrant children, regardless of the legality of their presence within U.S. borders, especially with respect to health, education, and welfare. In that context, the work explores, as the title suggests, the international, local, and social/cultural normative standards that structure the responsibilities -- independently and collectively, that proverbial village -- with respect to children's well-being. We develop these ideas in three parts. First, we address the foundations of the human rights idea and specifically enumerate the particular normative notions, including international treaties that govern children's lives. Next, we discuss immigration in the United States, with particular attention to the lives of immigrant children. We conclude by suggesting that the idea of a reformed social contract -- one grounded on a reconstructed and inclusive human rights idea and free from its colonial, heterosexist, racialized, militaristic, and western bias -- supports a global charge to provide health, education, and welfare protections to all children, regardless of their national status or that of their parents.
Berta Hernández-Truyol & Justin Luna, Children and Immigration: International, Local, and Social Responsibilities, 15 B.U. Pub. Int. L.J. 297 (2006), available at http://scholarship.law.ufl.edu/facultypub/195