Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2006


The new form of slavery comes by that relatively innocuous title, “trafficking.” Trafficking is an illustration of the dynamic character of the social and antisocial forces that conspire to undermine the idea of human dignity in the world community. The forms of crime are in fact dynamic. Frequently the institutional forces behind crime have capital, lethal functionaries, technology, and a capacity to advance criminal interests, both within states and across state lines. To the extent that crime itself is dynamic it must as well be acknowledged that human rights violations in general also have a dynamic character. In short, when we prescribe rules and principles to prohibit and punish human rights violations, we must also recognize that those rules and principles target two distinct audiences: the potential human rights victims and the potential human rights violators.