This Article is about international racism. Racism is not simply a local or national phenomenon, it is an immense global problem. Indeed, its tentacles stretch from the local to the global and back to the local. Let us put the picture of international racism into perspective by tying it to the claims made to eradicate racism in economic relations. Apart from affirmative action, there are two other approaches: either to assert the notion that reparations is a way to ameliorate the worst manifestations of racism and provide for racial justice, or to join that with the notion that there is indeed a universal right to development, and that every human being has the right to fully develop their personality, to fully develop their emotional, material, cultural, and social well-being without unjust or unfair discriminations. This indeed, I would suggest, is also the foundation of the idea of human dignity. These two ideas have emerged, and they have traveled, not often in easily complimentary pathways.
Winston P. Nagan, Reflections on Racism and World Order, 14 U. Fla. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 1 (2001), available at http://scholarship.law.ufl.edu/facultypub/614